The GI tract is a finely balanced environment where roughly 500 different strains of bacteria compete for space and nutrients. When there is a healthy balance (eubiosis), few symptoms exist. However, dysbiosis can occur when an overabundance of potentially harmful organisms prevail. The natural microflora balance can be upset by medications, excessive alcohol consumption, or poor dietary intake.
Probiotics have been extensively studied and are characterized as having broad GI and immune benefits, including (1) increasing the population of healthy bacteria following microflora imbalance; (2) supporting healthy bowel function; (3) increasing the production of short-chain fatty acids, which provide energy to the cells of the intestinal lining; (4) strengthening the gut-immune barrier by promoting a healthy gut mucosa; (5) aiding in the digestion of difficult-to-break- down like lactose and casein; and (6) enhancing detoxification of harmful compounds.
Because probiotics are live organisms, there are many challenges associated with manufacturing and distributing probiotic supplements. For a probiotic to be effective, it must be shelf-stable through the expiration date and precisely delivered to the intestinal tract, where it can have maximum benefit. BioShield® technology is an innovative manufacturing process developed to ensure consistent and reliable results. The microorganisms in this product are protected, sealed and freeze dried away from moisture, heat, light and oxygen. This allows the bacteria to remain dormant until they are exposed to moisture in the GI tract. By utilizing advanced encapsulation technology, the probiotic organisms are preserved and released on-target for maximum benefit.
Lactobacillus acidophilus (La-14)†
Lactobacillus acidophilus is a beneficial bacterial strain that is normally found in the intestinal tract and mouth and is commercially used in dairy products for the production of acidophilus-type yogurt. L. acidophilus ferments various carbohydrates to produce lactic acid, which increases the absorption and bioavailability of minerals. This includes calcium, copper, magnesium and manganese.The production of lactic acid also promotes health by creating an inhospitable environment for unwanted agents.1 L. acidophilus has been shown to protect intestinal cells by competing for adhesion space in the gut against harmful bacteria. The L. acidophilus strain in this product has been specifically chosen because of its strong adherence and survival attributes in the GI tract. It has been demonstrated in vitro to tolerate exposure to gastric acid and bile salts, and has the ability to withstand certain medications.2
Lactobacillus paracasei (Lpc-37)†
Lactobacillus paracasei has been shown to protect against the harmful effects of unwanted bacteria.3 L. paracasei colonizes the intestinal tract by reinforcing defense mechanisms that support an immune response. It does this by supporting T-helper cell production and secreting secretory IgA (sIgA), an antibody critical for supporting intestinal immunity.4 L. paracasei Lpc-37 is a gastric acid-resistant strain and has been shown in vitro to withstand certain medications.5
Bifidobacterium bifidum (Bb-02)†
Bifidobacterium bifidum has been shown to effectively compete with harmful bacteria, which suggests B. bifidum’s lactic acid and acetic acid production helps maintain microflora balance.6
Bifidobacterium lactis (BI-04)†
Bifidobacterium lactis is predominantly found in the colon. A double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial on subjects receiving B. lactis or placebo for eight weeks found that B. lactis supported a balanced immune response in individuals hypersensitive to environmental allergens.7 Studies examining immune development and dietary supplementation with B. lactis have shown that it supports GI health by reducing intestinal permeability.8
Lactobacillus plantarum (Lp-115)†
Lactobacillus plantarum is a beneficial bacteria commonly found in fermented foods including sauerkraut, pickles, brined olives and sourdough. L. plantarum has been found to compete against unwanted bacteria due to the production of bacteriocins (lethal proteins) that inhibit bacterial growth.9 Studies have also demonstrated that L. plantarum helps boost the immune response by stimulating Th1-mediated immunity.10
Lactobacillus rhamnosus (GG)†
Lactobacillus rhamnosus has been proven to have remarkable survivability in the acid and bile environments in the GI tract. L. rhamnosus is particularly useful because of its ability to adhere to cells, enhance microflora balance, and inhibit adherence of unwanted agents. L. rhamnosus was also found to positively affect inflammatory and immune gene signaling of over 1,700 genes when administered in high doses.11
† These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
- Lipski E. Digestive Wellness. New Canaan (CT): Keats Publishing; 1996. p. 60-61.
- Danisco. Lactobacillus acidophilus La-14 probiotic identity card.
- Bendali F, Madi N, Sadoun D. Beneficial effects of a strain of Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei in Staphylococcus aureus-induced intestinal and colonic injury. Int J Infect Dis. 2011 Nov;15(11):e787-94.
- Chiang SS, Pan TM. Beneficial effects of Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei NTU 101 and its fermented products. Appl Microbiol Biotechno. 2012 Feb;93(3):903- 16.
- Danisco. Lactobacillus paracasei Lpc-37 probiotic identity card.
- Fooks LJ, Gibson GR. Mixed culture fermentation studies on the effects of synbiotics on the human intestinal pathogens Campylobacter jejuni and Escherichia coli. Anaerobe. 2003 Oct;9(5):231-42.
- Singh A, Hacini-Rachinel F, Gosoniu ML, Bourdeau
T, Holvoet S, Doucet-Ladeveze R, Beaumont M, Mercenier A, Nutten S. Immune-modulatory effect of probiotic Bifidobacterium lactis NCC2818 in individuals suffering from seasonal allergic rhinitis to grass pollen: an exploratory, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur J Clin Nut. 2013 Feb;67(2):161-7.
- Lewis MC, Patel DV, Fowler J, Duncker S, Zuercher AW, Mercenier A, Bailey M. Dietary supplementation with Bifidobacterium lactis NCC2818 from weaning reduces local immunoglobulin production in lymphoid-associated tissues but increases systemic antibodies in healthy neonates. Br J Nutr. 2013 Oct;110(7):1243-52.
- Schoster A, Kokotovic B, Permin A, Pedersen PD, Bello
FD, Guarabassi L. In vitro inhibition of Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens by commercial probiotic strains. Anaerobe. 2013 Apr; 20:36-41.
S, Buleca V, Koščová J, Tkáčiková L. Anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects of flax-seed oil and Lactobacillus plantarum – BiocenolTM LP96 in gnotobiotic pigs challenged with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Res Vet Sci. 2013 Aug;95(1):103-9.
- Evard B, Coudeyras S, Dosgilbert A, Charbonnel N, Alamé J, Tridon A, Forestier C. Dose-dependent immunomodulation of human dendritic cells by the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus Lcr35. PLoS ONE. 2011 Apr 18;6(4):e18735.
Always be sure to speak with your healthcare provider before starting any new nutritional supplement when pregnant or nursing. For children, we recommend speaking with your child's pediatrician regarding proper dosing. Store away from children.